# How to Randomly Select Cells Based on Criteria in Excel

To randomly select cells based on criteria in Excel, you can use a combination of the RAND, IF, and INDEX functions. Here's a step-by-step guide on how to do this:

- Organize your data: Make sure your data is organized in columns, and your criteria are defined in separate columns.
- Create a helper column: Add a helper column to your dataset. This column will be used to generate random numbers.
- Use the RAND function: In the first cell of the helper column, enter the following formula:

`=RAND()`

- Copy the formula: Copy the RAND formula to all the cells in the helper column corresponding to the rows in your dataset.
- Create a new column for the randomly selected cells: Add a new column to your dataset where you want the randomly selected cells to be displayed.
- Use the INDEX, IF, and RANK functions: In the first cell of the new column, enter the following formula (replace "A" with the column where your data is, "B" with the criteria column, and "C" with the helper column):

`=INDEX($A$1:$A$10, RANK(C1, $C$1:$C$10) * (IF($B$1:$B$10 = "criteria", 1, 0)))`

- Replace "criteria" with your actual criteria: Replace the "criteria" in the formula with the actual criteria you want to use for selecting the cells.
- Copy the formula: Copy the formula to all the cells in the new column corresponding to the rows in your dataset.
- Hide the helper column (optional): If you don't want to display the helper column, you can hide it by right-clicking on the column header and selecting "Hide".

Now, you will have a list of randomly selected cells from your dataset that meet the specified criteria.

## Example

Let's say you have a list of students and their scores, and you want to randomly select 3 students who scored above 80. Here's how you can do that in Excel:

- Organize your data: Assume the student names are in Column A (A2:A11) and their scores are in Column B (B2:B11).
- Create a helper column: Add a helper column in Column C (C2:C11).
- Use the RAND function: In cell C2, enter the formula:

`=RAND()`

- Copy the formula: Copy the formula to all the cells in the helper column (C2:C11).
- Create a new column for the randomly selected students: Add a new column in Column D.
- Use the INDEX, IF, and RANK functions: In cell D2, enter the following formula:

`=INDEX($A$2:$A$11, RANK(C2, $C$2:$C$11) * (IF($B$2:$B$11 > 80, 1, 0)))`

- Copy the formula: Copy the formula to cells D3 and D4.

You will now have a list of 3 randomly selected students who scored above 80 in Column D. If you want to refresh the random selection, press F9 to recalculate the RAND function.

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